27
October
2021
|
17:00 PM
America/Chicago

AAA Finds Better Driver Behavior, Room for Improvement

A new AAA report finds unsafe driving behaviors, including red-light running, drowsy driving, and driving impaired on cannabis or alcohol, have declined in the past three years.

Some dangerous driving behaviors have fallen more than others, with drivers still admitting to speeding and using a handheld cell phone, which poses a danger on the roadways, according to new survey data from the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety.

"Based on self-reported driving behaviors from our annual survey of traffic safety culture, it is encouraging to see more drivers recognize the danger of certain activities behind the wheel," said Dr. David Yang, executive director of the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety. "However, the ultimate goal is to see the majority of drivers form safe driving habits and practice them."

The AAA Foundation's annual Traffic Safety Culture Index (TSCI), highlights the gap between drivers' attitudes and reported behaviors. The following shows some of the improvements in unsafe driving behaviors from 2018 to 2020.

The proportion of people who reported having engaged in the following unsafe driving behaviors at least once in the past 30 days

Unsafe Driving Behavior

2018

(%)

2019

(%)

2020

(%)

Change from 2018 to 2020 (%)

Driven 15 mph over the speed limit on a freeway

48.9

48.2

45.1

-7.8

Driven while holding and talking on a cell phone

52.1

43.2

37.2

-28.6*

Driven while reading a text or email on a cell phone

41.3

38.6

33.9

-17.9*

Driven through a light that had just turned red

31.4

31.1

25.6

-18.5*

Driven aggressively by switching lanes quickly or very close behind another car

24.8

26.5

21.3

-14.1

Driven when so tired it was hard to keep eyes open

27.0

23.6

17.3

-35.9*

Driven when you had enough alcohol that you thought you were over the legal limit

10.9

9.8

5.9

-45.9*

Driven within an hour of consuming cannabis

6.6

6.5

4.4

-33.3*

* indicates a change is statistically significant at the 95% confidence level

While fewer Americans took to the roads in 2020 due to the pandemic, those that did appeared to take greater risks. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) found that an estimated 38,680 people died in motor vehicle traffic crashes—an increase of 7.2 percent and the largest number of fatalities since 2007. And, the numbers for 2021 look even worse, as NHTSA estimates 8,730 people died in motor vehicle traffic crashes in the first three months of the year.

While the reasons for this increase are being studied, the AAA Foundation's TSCI reveals some areas of admitted driving behavior that remain stubbornly high, despite declining since 2018: speeding and using a cell phone. Unfortunately, drivers who participated in the TSCI survey admit to risky driving behaviors despite knowing that loved ones, family or friends would strongly disapprove. Cell phone use is one such area where perception and behavior do not match.

The proportion of people who believe people who are important to them would somewhat or completely disapprove of the following distracted driving behaviors, which shows that these behaviors are becoming more socially unacceptable

Distracted Driving Behavior

2018

(%)

2019

(%)

2020

(%)

Change from 2018 to 2020

(%)

Driving while typing an email or texting on a cell phone

93.9

94.6

95.5

+1.7

Driving while reading a text or email on a cell phone

93.8

93.2

94.0

+0.2

Driving while holding and talking on a cell phone

79.3

86.7

92.6

+16.8*

* indicates a change is statistically significant at the 95% confidence level.

"While there is some positive news about trends in driving behaviors, there is still much more drivers can do to improve safety for all road users," said Gene LaDoucer, regional director of public affairs for AAA-The Auto Club Group. "The sharp increase we're seeing in traffic fatalities is very concerning. We can certainly do better and it starts with a critical evaluation of our behaviors behind the wheel."

AAA recommends these safety tips to keep in mind:

  • Obey speed limits. Drivers tend to overestimate the time saved by speeding. You'd have to travel 100 miles to save roughly 5 minutes, moving at 80 mph instead of 75 mph. Speed kills and isn't worth the cost. And recent AAA Foundation research shows that small speed increases were enough to raise a driver's risk of severe injury or death.
  • Out of sight, out of mind. Stow your smartphone away, turn it to airplane mode, or activate call/text blocking features like Apple's Do Not Disturb.
  • Only drive sober. If you consume marijuana, alcohol, or use potentially impairing prescription medications, then don't drive. And if you're going to drive, then don't consume these substances.
  • Stay alert. Stop driving if you become sleepy because you could fall asleep at any time. Fatigue impacts reaction time, judgment, and vision, causing people who are very tired to behave in similar ways to those who are drunk.

The annual TSCI identifies attitudes and behaviors related to traffic safety. The survey data are from a sample of more than 2,800 licensed drivers ages 16 or older who reported driving in the 30 days before the survey, which was administered between Oct. 23 and Nov. 23, 2020. The AAA Foundation issued its first TSCI in 2008, and the latest report is online: AAAFoundation.org

About the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety: Established in 1947 by AAA, the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety is a nonprofit, publicly funded, 501(c)(3) charitable research and educational organization. The AAA Foundation's mission is to prevent traffic deaths and injuries by researching their causes and by educating the public about strategies to prevent crashes and reduce injuries when they do occur. This research develops educational materials for drivers, pedestrians, bicyclists, and other road users.

About AAA: AAA provides more than 62 million members with automotive, travel, insurance, and financial services through its federation of 30 motor clubs and more than 1,000 branch offices across North America. Since 1902, the not-for-profit, fully tax-paying AAA has been a leader and advocate for safe mobility. Drivers can request roadside assistance, identify nearby gas prices, locate discounts, book a hotel or map a route via the AAA Mobile app. To join, visit AAA.com